The popularity and effectiveness of the Kilij as a cavalry blade spread across Asia and Europe and people from all over the world came to the Turkish lands to find a swordsmith to make them a Kilij. The blade was made from carbon steel which is very sturdy, but not brittle. In early encounters, many Europeans confused the Kilij with the scimitar, but the two blades were not the same at all. The Scimitar’s extreme curvature does not allow for thrusting at opponents. The Kilij may not be as effective as a longsword when thrusting, but it was still quite capable, making it more versatile than the scimitar.
During the 1800’s the Kilij was redesigned with a shorter and wider blade. The shorter blade was not curved as much as the longer version and made it even more effective for thrusting. Eventually the Kilij was phased out for the European style sabre that was lighter and longer as gunpowder began modernizing the Cavalry. The European sabre was actually created using the same designs as the longer Kilij without the flared tip.
I hope you enjoyed this edition of Weapons and Warriors, click here to view the entire catalog of weapons and cultures. Thank you, see you next week.